Establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-using products (EuP)
The initial version of the Ecodesign Directive adopted in 2005 (2005/32/EC) provides a framework for the regulations applicable for Energy-using Products (EUP) by harmonizing requirements from existing legislation. The document addresses the product design stage where decisions such as product features, material selection, manufacturing methods and cost allocations are decided. This document acts to simplify the incorporation of ecodesign into these decisions, improving EUPs environmental impacts and product quality. The ecodesign requirements involve consideration of the whole lifecycle of product groups (including lighting) to ‘reduced consumption of a given resource’ and assess the environmental profile. The approach acknowledges the design phase as crucial in any optimisation of the product environmental performance. This lifecycle approach includes consideration of: (a) raw material selection and use (b) manufacturing (c) packaging, transport, and distribution (d) installation and maintenance; (e) use (f) end-of-life (disposal) At each lifecycle phase producers are to assess consumption (materials and energy), emissions (to air and water or soil), pollution, expected waste and possibilities for recycling/re-use (Annex 1). To guarantee EUPs conformity to the directive and relevant legislation, a product must be marked with a CE conformity marking, by either the manufacturer or an authorized representative. If it is not possible to be placed on the product it must be placed on to the packaging and or onto any product documentation. If a product is produced without meeting the regulations in place it may not be marked with the CE conformity mark and as a result may not be sold within the European union.
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